Scaling removes the hard tartar which forms on your teeth. It cannot be removed just by brushing. Scaling also removes trapped food and plaque containing germs, which can cause tooth decay and gum disease. Stains from coffee, tea, cigarettes or red wine are also cleaned away.
There are two ways to scale teeth.
a). Hand Scalers
c). Electric Scalers
Hand scalers - These come in different sizes and shapes, to reach different parts of your teeth.
Electric scalers - These use very fast vibration with water. The water is sucked out of your mouth. A hand scaler is used to check whether the teeth are completely clean.
For polishing, a rotating brush or rubber polisher is used with a polishing paste. Scaling cleans above and below the gums. If you have gum disease, scaling needs to be deeper, around the roots of the teeth. This is called 'root planing'.
What are the benefits?
1). Regular scaling and polishing helps keep your teeth and gums healthy by making it easier for you to keep your teeth clean at home.
2). If your gums bleed when you brush, you may have early gum disease. Regular scaling helps to stop the disease getting worse.
3). Gum disease can cause bad breath, which you can prevent by regular scaling and cleaning your teeth thoroughly at home.