Gums are the tissues that support your teeth and hold teeth to the bone. When your gums are not healthy, you can lose your teeth & damage overall dental health. Redness, swelling of the gums and bleeding from gums (known as gingivitis) are first warning signs or symptoms of gum disease. Advanced gum disease (periodontitis) may lead to:
a). Deep pockets (examined by your dentist)
b). Loose teeth
c). Receding gums
d). Constant bad breath
To prevent gum disease:
1). Maintenance of good oral hygiene and taking healthy diet are of utmost importance.
2). To maintain good oral hygiene brush twice daily, after breakfast in morning and before going to bed at night using proper technique.
3). Clean between the teeth, with floss or another interdental cleaning tool.
4). Regular professional cleaning of your teeth (scaling) to remove harmful deposits (plaque and calculus) is necessary. Deep scaling involves cleaning your teeth down to the bottom of the pocket of the tooth, because that’s where the most harmful bacteria.
5). Other causes of plaque like loose fillings or crowns should be eliminated.
6). If the disease is severe then you need referral to a periodontist, a dentist who specializes in gum disease.
7). Swish twice daily with antiseptic mouth rinse.
8). Check Up your dentist regularly.