Gum treatment and surgery are the solutions for gum problems which fall into the category of periodontal diseases.
Diseases which result due to bacterial infection causing inflammation, redness pain and swelling in gums are a periodontal disease. It originates due to the presence of bacteria in the mouth form dental plaque and affects the development of the gingival tissues forming gingivitis an early form of gum disease. Lack of attention gives a chance to bacteria accumulates and reach the gum lines causing adjacent tissues to degrade and affecting the tooth as well. Tooth becomes loose, painful and in need of treatment. Gum surgery begins with cleaning the mouth which involves removal of plaque, tartar and food debris below the gum line. Types of gum surgeries differ depending on the damage to the gum and teeth. Gingival Flap Surgery involves cutting the gum tissue from the teeth and cleaning the food debris deposited inside the gum pocket using hand scaling and ultrasonic scaling device. Gingivectomy is a procedure which facilitates removal of excess gum tissues which overgrow and give less space for the growth of teeth. Periodontal dentists numb the area and cut excess gum tissues making space for tooth growth. Gingivoplasty helps in reshaping the gum tissues around the teeth and making them look good in appearance. It also helps in grafting the gum around the tooth which is recessed. Gum surgery and treatment require the person to follow some precautionary measures for safe, fast recovery of mouth. Dentists recommend the use of product and ways of carrying out the rituals of brushing and cleaning teeth and gums. Before gum, surgery periodontist numbs the area with an injection so that you do not feel the pain as the process proceeds further which involve cutting, extracting and stitching to make gums clean and smart in appearance. After the surgery periodontist will prescribe you the medicines which will help you to bear the pain and recover the wounds fast. A follow-up visit in seven to ten days is the must as it assures the effectiveness of treatment to the patient and dentist.