Advanced gum disease is outcome of disease causing microbe present on root surfaces and bone underlying gums. In cases of advanced disease, flap surgery is sometimes need to raise your gum tissue to gain access to underlying root surfaces and bone to remove these disease causing bacteria. cumulatively, bone grafting can be done to encourage natural ability of body to regenerate bone lost due to disease.
Our jaws have the amt of the bone that they do is because of the presence of existing teeth and the fact that those teeth are under continuous function. Once teeth are lost for one of reason or another, the jaws rapidly atrophy to a level of what is known as “basal bone”. In cases of a complete loss of teeth, this can leave behind only a limited hoop of bone in the mandible (lower jaw) or a flat pancake of bone in the maxilla (upper jaw).
If fairly amount of time has been elapsed since you have lost your tooth, there are chances that you have lost your bone during this time and bone grafting is need to rebuild your bone to accept a dental implant. A bone graft acts as a “biological placeholder” to mechanically stop the collapse of the surrounding tissues, whether that is bone or soft tissue. Then, through a process known “guided tissue regeneration,” the human body is fooled biochemically to distinguish the graft as natural bone and over time resorbs and transplant it with the patient’s own native bone.
Bone grafting in the oral cavity today is a common thing, predictable and painless procedure. In most cases it is now disposed to tiny minimally invasive interventions that can be managed quite easily in an ambulatory (office) setting.